Tbilisi city tour
Tbilisi - the capital and largest city of Georgia. Based in the V century AD Vakhtang Gorgasali king of Iberia, and became the capital of the VI century, Tbilisi - the most important industrial, social and cultural center of Georgia.
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Sameba Holy Trinity Cathedral - is the main cathedral Cathedral of the Georgian Orthodox Church. This magnificent structure stands on top St. Hill. Elijah, in the heart of the city. Its Construction began in 1995 and ended 9 years later, in 2004. After lighting it became one of the tallest Orthodox churches in the world. Restrained decor and Georgian architectural style Creates an unique aura around it
Metekhi Temple - At the edge of the rocky banks of the Kura, on the hill is a symbol of the long history of Tbilisi - the temple Metekhi. In the temple is buried a Shushanik, the first Georgian martyr. Next to the church is a monument to the city founder Vakhtang Gorgasali. Metekhi - this is a true symbol of the Georgian faith, culture and history.
Fortress Narikala - fortress complex in Old Tbilisi was founded in the 5th century. Previously a fortress was called "Shuris-Ciche" - "Enviable Fortress".
During the Mongol invasion the fortress was named "Narin Kala" - "Little Fortress" (Mong.). The VII and XI - XII centuries, the fortress was expanded. At that time the city walls went down to the river Kura and thus the citadel controlled the trade routes running along the banks of the river. In the XIX century bastions of the lower castle were demolished.
Old Tbilisi - Walking through the streets of old Tbilisi. Shardeni street with lots of cafes and art salons. Abanotubani - sulfur baths famous quarter, according to legend, Tbilisi owes its foundation to the natural sulfur spring.
Marionette Theater The theater building was built in the XIX century and is located in the historic center of Tbilisi, one of the main attractions of the architectural ensemble of the theater is the clock tower, built by Rezo Gabriadze in 2011. Every hour of the painted doors the angel appears and hammer strikes the bell. Twice a day, at 12 and 19 hours, you can see the amazing puppet show - "Circle of Life". To the right of the tower is the entrance to the theater cafe "Gabriadze".
Excursion in Mtskheta, Gori and Uplistsikhe
The ancient capital of Georgia, Mtskheta, is located in a few kilometers from the modern Tbilisi. The city was founded in the 2nd half of the 1st millennium BC. when the territory of modern Georgia was appeared the first state association - Iberia. Mtskheta was the capital of Georgia a little less than a thousand years.
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Svetitskhoveli Cathedral - Svetitskhoveli Cathedral was built in the XI century on the place of the first Georgian Christian Church of the Twelve Apostles, which was built in the IV century.
Collection of Georgian chronicles "Kartli Life" tells the story about the inhabitant of Mtskheta, Elioz which, being in Jerusalem, got Heaton of Jesus Christ. Elioz’s sister - Sidonia - has taken the Heaton, pressed it to his chest and died from her emotions overflowed. Soon, on the grave of Sidonia has grown a large tree - Lebanese cedar. And when King Mirian decided to build a temple at the place where was the buried Heaton of Lord, cedar was cutted down. From the tree was cut seven columns and began to install them in the church. Six columns were installed, but seventh did not given, it was hanging in the air. St. Nino prayed all night, and then this column "without touching a human hand" took his position. Wonderful ointment cured patients from serious ailments. Hence the name of the temple is - Svetitskhoveli, which in Georgian means "The Living Pillar".
Jvari Monastery - At the top of the mountain, on the edge of the cliff stands Jvari monastery which was built in the VI century. On English - "Jvari" means "cross", the full name of the monastery is – “The monastery of the Holy and Life-Giving Cross of the Lord”. According to the legend, Nino Cappadocian on the place where was a pagan idol, put a Holy Cross, marked by the acceptance of Christianity by Georgia.
Mukhrani is a historical region in eastern Georgia, in Shida Kartli region. The name comes from the Georgian word "Mukha" – Oak-tree. Climate conditions and conveniences of irrigation, promote development of agriculture of Mukhrani.
You will visit the studio of the wine company "Chateau Mukhrani". Learn the history of Bagrationi family, you will learn about the unique traditions of winemaking dynasty, which are rooted since 1878. The famous palace, a luxurious garden, a unique cellar, stables, a modern plant for the production of premium wines.
The City Of Gori - located in the beautiful valley of Kartli. The first historical mention of Gori belong to the sixth century. The settlement in 1089-1125 years king David the Builder was built in the city. Among the attractions of Gori is the house Museum of Joseph Stalin.
Uplistsikhe The ancient cave city-Uplistsikhe, the fortress is located a few kilometers from Gori on the Bank of the river Mtkvari, in the numerous cliffs of the mountain range Kvernaki. The first historical mention of the fortress belong to the I century BC. It existed before the city of X century.
Excursion of the Georgian Military Highway
The road has long connecting history between Georgia and Russia. Uuntil the XIX century, it represented only a narrow mountain pass, a journey that was not safe. A traveler can observe all landscape zones, ranging from steppe expanses Ciscaucasia and ending glaciers highlands.
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Ananuri Fortress Ananuri Fortress belongs to the early feudal era, it was served as defense post, blocking the road leading from the Daryal Gorge. The fortress is located in 70 kilometers from Tbilisi on the Georgian Military Highway, near Zhinvali reservoir. About the life of the inhabitants of Ananuri Castle in historical sources it is almost not reported until the twenties of the XVIII century. It is known that the fortress defended the rulers of this region and the people of the central parts of the country.
Gergeti Trinity Church - Gergeti Trinity Church - situated at an altitude of 2170 m at the foot of Mount Kazbek along the Georgian Military Road in the Georgian village- Gergeti.
The church was built in the XIV century. The first mention of the church belong to 1795. During the invasion of the Persians, led by Agha Mohammad Khan, when Tbilisi was destroyed almost completely, here was hidden relics, including the grapevine cross of St. Nino.
Tbilisi city tour
Tbilisi is not like any other city in the world. The combination of the original architecture and natural beauty gives it a unique charm and color.
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Mountain Mtsatminda At the top of the hill is the recreation park "Bombora" with viewing platforms, rides, ferris wheel, restaurants. The lookouts offer beautiful views of Tbilisi, which lies at the bottom.
On the slope of the hill is the Church of St David (Mama-Dawit). There is a pantheon of "Mtatsminda"
Rustaveli Avenue, Freedom Square Rustaveli Avenue is the heart of Tbilisi. There is a building of the Opera House, the residence of the graph of the Russian king Vorontsov. On Rustaveli Avenue there are numerous cafes, restaurants and shops. Freedom Square – main square of the capital. At various times, they wore the names Erivan, Beria and Lenin. In the center is a statue of St. George. In a park with a fountain stands a bust of A.S. Pushkin.
National Museum of Art - gold fund, The greatest value is the Golden Fund with priceless masterpieces of medieval coinage (VIII-XIII century). A large collection of enamels (X-XII century) are kept here. The most valuable exhibit is a golden cross with the inscription of Queen Tamara "King and Queen Tamar", dating back to the end of the XII century, decorated with emeralds, rubies, pearls.. Valuable gold cup of Bagrat III (999 g.). In addition, the museum contains paintings of European masters, Chinese and Japanese works of art, monuments of Egyptian, Iranian and Indian art, shawls from India, Turkey and Iran, Persian carpets. Paintings of Russian artists Ilya Repin, Surikov, Serov, Aivazovsky, Vasnetsov and a rich collection of paintings by the great Georgian artist Niko Pirosmani.
DAY 5 - 6
Excursion to Kakheti
a region in eastern Georgia, located in the valleys of the rivers Alazani and Iori. Kakheti is - fertile soil, mild climate, abundant water, varied and picturesque nature. Homeland of Georgian wine-Kakheti, has a long wine tradition that originated in the III-II century BC.
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Bodbe Monastery - Bodbe Monastery Not far from Sighnaghi 2 km. Here in cathedral church lie the remains of the St. Nino Cappadocian. Bodbe founded in the first half of the IV century. King Mirian, immediately after the death of St. Nino want to honor St. Nino and decided to transfer her to Mtskheta, to Svetitskhoveli temple where the Heaton of Lord is buried , but there was no strength, which have been able to budge her bed. Then King Mirian erected a temple over the tomb of St. Nino. Near the Bodbe Monastery is the source of St. Nino, people say it helps to heal the source of the childless.
Sighnaghi - one of the most visited places of the Georgian city of Sighnaghi. The old, extremely picturesque town, built in the style of southern Italian classicism with Georgian elements and enclosed by ramparts with 28 towers. From the height of the towers of the city offers a stunningly beautiful panorama of the Alazani Valley. Historical and Ethnographic Museum of Sighnaghi equipped with the latest technology. For tourists there is an interactive monitor with interesting information on the different languages of the world.
Gremi - Fortress with the Church of the Archangels - is all that remains of the former capital of Kakheti kingdom in the XVI-XVII centuries. Founded by King Levan of Kakheti, the capital was the royal residence and the lively market town .In the middle of the XVII century Kakheti kings moved their capital in Telavi. The complex is located on a hill and consists of the church of the Archangels Michael and Gabriel, the bell tower, three-storey palace and a wine cellar (Marani). The complex is surrounded by a wall with towers.
Tsinandali - At 10 km from Telavi is a big village of Tsinandali - the famous grape village of Kakheti. The Tsinandali is a house-museum of the famous Georgian poet of the first half of the XIX century Alexander Chavchavadze. The house-museum is surrounded by a magnificent park with a chapel, in which Alexander Griboyedov married with Princess Nina Chavchavadze. In 1886, Alexander Chavchavadze built wine cellars. Today, in the cellars, open for visiting and tasting, kept 16 thousand bottles of the end of XIX beginning of XX centuries.
Alaverdi - village in Georgia, in the Alazani Valley, 20 km north-west from the city of Telavi. Here, one of the thirteen Syrian Fathers - Ven. Joseph in the mid-VI. founded a monastery , then he was buried in this place. In the 1 quarter of the XI century. Kakheti king Kvirike III on the place of a small church of St. George, built an outstanding monument of Georgian medieval architecture, the cathedral of Alaverdi. A unique feature of the cathedral is stunning cathedral paintings belonging to the XV century. The height of the cathedral is over 50 meters higher than the Alaverdi is the Cathedral 'Sameba' 'in the capital.
Telavi - Georgia's oldest city, along with Tbilisi, Mtskheta and Kutaisi. It is known from I- II centuries BC. e., at different times Telavi was the capital of Kakheti kingdom. Today it is the center of the Georgian wine.